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Straighter Teeth With or Without Braces

Braces Rydalmere

Crooked teeth can be an issue is several ways. Most people will feel they look don’t look their best, which may be true. But misaligned teeth may also be difficult to clean. The top and bottom teeth may mean unevenly, causing rapid wear. And occasionally speaking and eating may be compromised. It is usually best to fix misaligned teeth, though is some cases, if there is no health issue, people are happy to leave them as they are.
Braces are the most common method of correcting misaligned teeth and jaws. But occasionally less severe or less complex problems can be fixed with Invisalign, or perhaps by crowns or veneers on a few select teeth.

Invisalign Rydalmere

These are popular with adults who do not like the look of braces, associating them with teenagers. Invisalign is effective for minor and moderate alignment issues.
Invisalign consists of a series of clear plastic mouth-guards that gently and persistently push the teeth into alignment. These mouth-guards can be removed for eating and drinking.
Invisalign is only slightly noticeable, and causes minimal discomfort. It may initially make speaking difficult.

Veneers Dundas Dental

Some tooth issues can be neatly fixed with veneers. These are thin coverings that are permanently bonded to the front of the teeth. They look like natural tooth, and can effectively change the shape of the tooth, even to the point where they make the tooth wider to fill in gaps between teeth.
Veneers can be attached in a single appointment, so they achieve results quite quickly.
Unfortunately veneers are not appropriate for jaw alignment problems.

Alternate Braces Telopea Dentist

Despite their good results many people do not like the appearance of braces. But there are some less obvious alternatives.
Ceramic braces work in the same fashion as traditional metal braces, but they are colour matched to the individual’s teeth, so they are less conspicuous. They are not as strong as some braces systems, so they will not be appropriate for all situation.

Lingual Braces Dentist Newington

In some cases the braces can be fitted over the back of teeth rather than the front. This makes them virtually undetectable, being hidden by the teeth themselves.
Having braces behind the teeth can make speaking and eating difficult, but this is true to a lesser extent of all braces. The individual soon adapts.

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Braces work to give us neat, functional teeth. With a little effort the braces in our teens give us straight teeth for a lifetime.

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Small Teeth

 

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Sometimes we have all the pieces, but they don’t fit together in the way they should. One example of this is small teeth. Our teeth may be perfectly healthy, but they are too small for our mouth. This often leaves us with gaps between the teeth, and probably a bad bite. Most likely we will find that small teeth just look out of proportion to the rest of the mouth.
Small teeth, or teeth that are misaligned of misshaped, can usually be fixed by the dentist.

Types of Small Teeth – Dentist Denistone

There are several way in which teeth might be too small, or appear too small.
True Generalized Small Teeth – This is causes by genetics, the teeth really are small.
Relative Generalized Small Teeth – A large individual has teeth that appear small in relation to the rest of the face.
Localized – A few Teeth, usually in the upper jaw, fail to fully develop and are smaller than the other teeth.
Overextended Gums – The teeth appear short because they are mostly covered by the gums.
Abrasion – Over the course of many decades the teeth may wear down from grinding.

Treating Smaller Teeth – Telopea Dental

Crowns – By crowning teeth we can make them larger. This can produce a neat set of correctly proportioned teeth for the mouth.
Veneers – These cover the front surface of the teeth. If the size of the teeth is not too far off the veneers can fill the gaps between teeth, and make them slightly longer.
Gum Reshaping – If the issue is with the gums rather than the actual teeth then the gums can sometimes be cut back to reveal more of the tooth surface. This is limited, however, because the gums can only be cut back so far before the tooth roots are exposed.

Oatlands Dental

Some Dental work is concerned with aesthetics. There is no reason not to have better teeth. Let us give you the smile you deserve.

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Receding Gums

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Over time the gums around our teeth can recede. This not only looks bad, but leaves us prone to sensitive teeth that feel pain from hot or cold food. The sensitivity comes from the the roots of the teeth being exposed, so the nerve inside the tooth has no insulation from the outside. It is best to avoid this at all costs.
Our Gums can recede for a variety of reasons. Most of the time this can be avoided with some good dental habits.
–   Gum infections, including Gingivitis or Periodontitis, can lead to receding gums (as well as other problems like bone loss and bleeding).
–   Using a hard bristle toothbrush can lead to receding gums, as well as thin enamel on teeth. Use a soft bristle toothbrush instead.
–   Brushing too hard with any brush may lead to receding gums and thin tooth enamel.
–   If we brush too soon after eating we will damage the tooth enamel which has been soften by the food/drink we consume. This might lead to receding gums. Wait 30 minutes after eating before brushing.
–   An injury to the mouth can lead to receding gums.
–   Poorly fitting dentures can lead to receding gums, though people who need dentures already have problems wiht their teeth, so their risk is higher even without the dentures.
–   Smoking increases the risk of tooth and gum problems.
–   Old age and a genetic disposition. This can be reduced with good dental habits.
–   Poor dental habits, bot brushing and flossing every day, greatly raises the risk of gum problems.

Dundas Dentist

We can reduce the risk of receding gums by:
–   Good dental habits greatly reduce the risk of dental problems like receding gums. Brush twice daily, floss once daily and use mouthwash several times per day.
–   Oil pulling seems to reduce the risk of gum problems. Gargle coconut oil for a few minutes then spit into the sink.
–   A diet strong in antioxidants seems to reduce the risk of receding gums. Antioxidants are found in fresh fruit and vegetables.
–   Green Tea fight the bacteria that cause gum diseases. Drink green tea twice daily. Or use green tea chewing gum that is sugar free.
–   Omega 3 fatty acids in the diet seem to reduce gum problems, and keep us healthy in other ways. Omega 3 is found in fish, nuts, and seeds.

Invisalign Denistone

Invisalign can be used to correct many (but not all) moderate tooth alignment issues without braces. This is popular with adults who do not like to wear braces.
Invisalign will not interfere with gums.

Wisdom teeth Rydalmere

Wisdom teeth are notorious for causing problems, not emerging properly, pushing other teeth out of alignment. More than half the population will need one or more wisdom teeth removed.
By removing a problem wisdom tooth we can prevent gum infections, and hence prevent gums from  later on.

Dental Newington

Good dental hygiene habits go a long way to reducing gum and tooth issues. See the dentist is you suspect you might have a problem.

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What Are Dental Implants?

Implant Rydalmere Dentist

A dental implant replaces a natural tooth with an artificial tooth. This is necessary if the natural tooth is badly damaged, or badly misshapen. The dental implant gives a realistic looking, fully functional replacement tooth.
If a tooth has only suffered surface damage it might be crowned (also called capped). This replaces the outer part of the tooth, while keeping the internal nerve, pulp and underlying root. If a tooth in badly damaged, or damaged internally, it is best replaced with an implant.

Implant Dundas Dental

Implants are permanently fixed to the jawbone, where they bond to the bone at a molecular level. This makes them very secure and reliable. There are very rarely and complications with an implant if the individual is healthy.
An implant has two main sections, a metal post inside and a facsimile post on the outside. Titanium is used for the internal post because it bonds to the jawbone, and because it does not rust or cause allergic reactions. This titanium is superior to stainless steel, which contains the common allergen nickel.
The external part of the implant, the facsimile tooth, is made of Ziriconia or Lithium Disilicate. Both of these materials have slightly different advantages. Usually the back molars use the material that is stronger (Ziroconia) , while the front teeth will use the material that looks more realistic (Lithium Disilicate), though both of these materials are fairly strong and long lasting. Older implants used porcelain, which looked fine but was not as strong as either Ziriconia or Lithium Disilicate.
Some recent advancements in dental research have produced some superior materials that might soon replace Lithium Disilicate and Ziriconia in implants.

Implant Oatlands Dentist

A dental implant will require several dental appointments. First, the original damaged tooth may need to be removed, and the metal post put in place. A mold of the mouth or a computer scan will be used to produce a new artificial tooth of the right proportions. The new artificial tooth will be manufactured and put in place at a second appointment, once the mental post has started to bond to the jaw.
If several adjacent teeth need to be replaced it is often possible to replace them with a row of artificial teeth secured by only two metal posts.

Telopea Dental Implant

Implants last for decades with only the same care that we give normal teeth. While the implant will never decay we still need to brush and floss in order to prevent any gum infections.

It would be ideal for everybody to keep their natural teeth. But if we do need to replace a damaged or ill formed tooth then implants are the best option. They are permanent, reliable, realistic looking, and do not need nay special form of maintenance.

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What are Three Common Problems That Dentist Fix?

Wisdom Teeth Rydalmere

Most people will suffer some wisdom teeth issues.

Wisdom teeth are the very back molars that come through when we are in our late teens or early twenties. Often there is not enough room in the mouth to accommodate these extra four teeth, so they often are removed.

Wisdom tooth removal is awkward; even though the operation under anesthetic is painless the removed teeth with cause bleeding gums and pain for about a week. But one the individual has recovered the problem will be permanently gone.

If you have pain behind you back teeth, or the gums swell, or if there are wisdom teeth partly buried under the gum, you probably need the wisdom teeth removed.

Implant Dundas

Some of us suffer a damaged tooth, or a tooth that never really formed correctly. So we many need one of more teeth replaced.

A few generations ago teeth could only be replaced by dentures, which we always a little awkward. Later an artificial replacement tooth could be produced by bridging the space tooth between two adjacent teeth. But this damaged the adjacent teeth, and was still less than ideal.

Implants are the modern solution. They replace the entire tooth, using a metal post and a realistic looking artificial tooth. This new tooth looks and feels natural, you will soon forget there was any work done.

Invisalign Dundas

Many of us had our teeth straightened with braces as teenagers. But a few of us have crooked teeth as adult, either because we never had braces as teens, or because the teeth moved back after the braces came off. Crooked teeth might just look slightly odd, or they might cause problems with chewing, speaking or perhaps tooth wear.

Invisalign can straighten teeth. It uses a series of clean plastic mouth-guards that put gentle yet persistent pressure on the teeth, slowly pushing them into alignment.

Invisalign is reasonably comfortable, far more so than braces, and can be removed for eating and drinking. They are also quite discrete, not as visible as braces.

Dentist Newington

Are your teeth less than ideal? Dentists can give you a smile you want to show off, and the results can last a lifetime.

Dental Denistone

Ideal Jaw Alignment

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The invention of cutlery, knives and forks in the West, chopstick in the East, changed the way we eat, and apparently the way our jaws align. Several centuries ago the top and lower jaws of humans usually met so that the front teeth touched. But since the use of cutlery the lower teeth usually sit behind the front teeth. This is because we once used our teeth to bite all of our food, like we still do with an apple. Jaws that met at the front were useful for this. Now we eat pre-cut food, so our jaws align slightly differently.

This change to cutlery is not the only explanation for the change in our jaws. The eating and chewing of slightly tough food apparently alters out jaws too, causing them to grow slightly more forward. Perhaps the change in our jaws is the combination of both factors.

We might expect this jaw change to cause problems. But this very slight overbite is fine. Our jaws suffer the minimal wear if they are not leaning to one side, and if they have the slight overbite. So this is regarded as the new ideal.

Dentist Denistone

If our jaws are not aligned correctly there will be problems. misaligned jaws can make chewing and speaking difficult. And over time the teeth tend to wear unevenly.

Overbite – while slight overbite is normal a more extreme overbite needs correction. This can sometimes be done with braces as a teenager, sometime by combining braces with headgear, sometime by surgery in extreme cases.
Occasionally veneers can be used to bring the teeth slightly forward, removing the overbite.

Underbite – This is where the bottom jaw comes too far forward. Like overbite the less extreme cases may be cured with braces, and more extreme cases altered by surgery.

Crossbite – This is where the lower jaw leans to one side, not neatly meeting with the upper jaw. Crossbite tends to cause uneven wear on teeth that grows worse over time. This may require braces at an earlier stage, or surgery latter on.

Dental Denistone

Talk to the dentist about any jaw issues. Early treatment can prevent problems latter on.

Dental Denistone

Good Bacteria

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We have known about the effects of bad bacteria on the teeth and gums for many years. It is only over the last generation that we have started to understand the effects of bad gut bacteria on out mental and physical health. If we have a lot of bad bacteria and a shortage of good bacteria in our gut then we suffer tiredness, clouded thinking, depression, and are prone to Heart Disease and Alzheimer’s in old age.

Bad bacteria in our gut and mouth will increase problems with tooth decay, gum infections and often leave us with bad breath. So it is in our best interest to minimize the bad bacteria and replace as much of this a possible with good, healthy bacteria.

We can get good bacteria from probiotic supplements and fermented foods, like Kimchi, Yogurt, Sauerkraut, Miso, Kefir, sourdough bread, and almonds. We can help maintain this good bacteria by eating prebiotics, which is the fibre found in vegetables, and rice or potatoes left in the fridge overnight.

We can greatly reduce the bad bacteria in our mouth by daily brushing, flossing and use of mouthwash. The only downside to this is that the good bacteria is often killed as well, so we need to constantly replenish the good bacteria with a healthy diet.

Some foods will target bad bacteria. Cashews will kill a significant amount of bad bacteria in the mouth, including the bad bacteria that causes tooth decay. Xylitol sweetener will also kill some types of bad bacteria, though this needs to be taken in moderation lest it cause gas. Garlic is also very useful for reducing bad bacteria.

Eat more:
– Probiotics in fermented foods like Kimchi, Yogurt and Sauerkraut.
– Prebiotics in vegetables and cold rice or potatoes.
– Some foods to fight bad bacteria like Garlic, Cashews, Green Tea, and Xylitol sweetener.

Eat less:
– Less Processed foods
– Reduce artificial sweeteners, especially Aspartame. Use Xylitol or Stevia instead.
– Keep sugar to a minimum.

General dental care, the Brushing, Flossing and use of Mouthwash that we all know about, will fight bad bacteria in the mouth. But we really need to support his healthy practice with a healthy diet.

Dental Denistone

By improving our gut health we improve every aspect of out lives, including our dental health. We need to reinforce this with diligent daily brushing, flossing and use of mouthwash.

Newington Dental

Gum Disease

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Dentists are concerned with the health of our gums as much as they are concerned with our teeth. Bad dental hygiene, failure to brush, floss and use mouthwash every day, will raise the risk not only of tooth decay but also of gum infections. These gum infections can be quite serious.

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Gum infection generally fall into two categories, Gingivitis and Periodontitis (Periodontal Disease). Both are serious, but periodontitis, which can develop from untreated Gingivitis, is far worse.

Symptoms of Gum Disease include:
– Dark red or faded pink gum. Sometimes gums go a deep purple.
– Bleeding gums
– Sore gums
– Gums that recede from the root of the tooth.
– Teeth that are sensitive to hot and cold temperatures.
– Persistant bad breath

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Gingivitis is the more common type of gum disease. It is caused by bacteria infecting the gum, usually because the teeth and not being cleaned every day.

Gingivitis is painful, but it will clear up after a few weeks of regular brushing, flossing and use of mouthwash. A healthy diet will also help the body fight the infection.

Periodontal Disease is a more serious infection. If often develops from Gingivitis that has not been left untreated. It is not only a more severe infection, it also involves a different, more persistent, strain of bacteria.

Periodontal Disease will soon lead to loss of bone in the jaw, followed by loss of teeth. This damage is not reversible. Even after the disease is treated the patient will need surgery to replace the lost teeth, and to help restore the badly damaged gums.

Periodontal Disease will not clear up on its own. It requires serious dental treatment, including antibiotics. Often the dentist will sent a patient with Periodontal Disease to a specialist for full treatment.

Periodontal Disease can only be cured if caught in the very early stages. After it has spread the infection can never be fully removed, only managed by ongoing use of prescription mouthwash and diligent cleaning.

If is estimated that perhaps 40% of the western population over 50 has Periodontal disease, which must be constantly managed.

Dental Newington

Good dental hygiene greatly reduces the change of contracting Gum Diseases. Twice daily brushing, flossing and use of mouthwash will prevent a lot of inconvenience.

Newington Dental

Anatomy of a Tooth

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An adult usually has 32 permanent teeth, though some individuals only have 28 permanent teeth as the wisdom teeth either never emerge or need to be removed.

Not all these teeth are identical. The back molars are different to the front incisors, as are the canine teeth between them teeth. But the underlying structure of the teeth are basically the same. All teeth have a central nerve, a surrounding pulp, a mid layer of dentin, and an outer layer of hard enamel.

Rydalmere Dental

We can only see the top part of the tooth that is above the gum. Beneath this outer visible section of the tooth is the root, hidden in the gum. This root varies in size between individuals, but is often larger then the outer section. It provides the anchor for the tooth and allows blood to flow into the tooth’s central nerve. The root is attached to the jawbone via the periodontal ligaments.

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The visible part of the tooth has several layers behind the hard outer enamel. If the hard outer layer is damaged, perhaps by decay, then these inner layers are exposed. This is a serious problem, with the tooth almost always continuing to get worse till it fails completely. The tooth itself will probably be painful at this stage, and sensitive to hot and cold temperatures.

The layer immediately beneath the outer enamel is the dentin. This dentin layer is slightly yellow in colour, and less rigid, less brittle than the outer enamel. It is necessary for support of the tooth, as the outer enamel is too brittle for this. Dentin is a mixture or organic and mineral components.

Dentin provides some of the colour of the tooth as the outer enamel is semi-transparent. We see some of the colour of the dentin when looking at a healthy tooth.

If the dentin is exposed to the outside, when the enamel is damaged, the tooth becomes sensitive to hot and cold temperatures. This is because the channels through the dentin conduct the heat/cold directly to the nerve inside the tooth. The enamel is needed to provide some insulation for the tooth nerve.

Dentist Denistone

Diligent brushing and flossing goes a long way to preventing dental decay and gum problems. Use of mouthwash also helps, though this does not replace brushing and flossing.

Our teeth have a much better chance of staying healthy if we look after then every day.

Newington Dental

Eat for Teeth

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It is too easy to feel negative when we read about all the bad habits and bad food that damage teeth. So we should perhaps take a different approach and look at what we should eat and should do to benefit our teeth.

Anything that keep our mouth moist tend to help, because bacteria thrive in a dry mouth. Any any food that provides vitamins, minerals or good bacteria also helps strengthen teeth and gums.

Teeth:

Crunchy Food like celery or raw carrots, almost anything that works in a salad, will help clean teeth and keep our mouth moist. These are also foods that benefit our health.

Cashews have an element in them that fights the bad bacteria in our mouth that causes tooth decay. Cashews have a lot of calories, but other wise are healthy.

Green Tea fight bad bacteria in the mouth and keeps things moist. It even works when it is chilled. So have one or two cups per day. The decaffeinated variety works as well as the regular type.

Cheese, natural yogurt and other dairy products provide calcium for strengthening teeth, and good bacteria that help replace the bad decay causing bacteria. Many dairy products also have vitamin D which benefits teeth.

Vitamin C in many fruits helps strengthen gums, and is generally healthy for us. though the citrus fruit is acid, which is bad for enamel. So drink water after eating fruit.

Water is the most basic, yet essential part of out diet. Water cleans the teeth and keeps things moist. Tap water also provides some fluoride, which strengthens tooth enamel.

Sugar Free gum keep the mouth moist, and if the gum is sweetened with Xylitol it helps fight the bad bacteria in the mouth.

Xylitol sweetener isn’t just for chewing gum. We can use it in tea or other drinks, where is helps fight bad bacteria without adding calories.

Natural Chocolate is healthy, though the sugar content is bad for us. 70% cocoa chocolate is good for teeth, as is chocolate drinks without sugar. Sweetent these with Xylitol

Breath:

Green tea give us fresh breath.

Chew parsley or basil for fresh breath.

Sugar free gum with xylitol is good for breath.

Strawberries freshen breath and help whiten teeth.

Cherries get rid of the smell of onions and spicy food.

Ginger also reds rid of the smell of spicy foods, and gives us fresh breath.

Chlorophyll is substance found in green vegetable, or available as a liquid. This is great for deodorizing the body, including our breath.

Dentist Oatlands

If we look after our teeth we have far fewer problems with decay, gum infections or bad breath.