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How Can Dentists Restore Teeth?

Dentist Newington

 

Teeth are rarely ideal. They may have suffered wear over time, or damage and decay. Quite often they were never quite right to begin with. But dentists can fix and restore almost any teeth, and go a long way towards giving us an ideal mouth.
Neat, well aligned set of teeth are more than just a matter of looking good. Neat teeth are easier to keep clean, and therefore less likely to become infected and suffer decay or gum disease.

Replacing Wisdom Teeth Denistone

Wisdom teeth, the back molar in our mouth that appear in our late teens or early twenties, are prone to problems. They often do not fully emerge from the gum, making them hard to clean. And there is often not enough room in the mouth for these extra teeth to fit correctly. This means they may push the other teeth out of alignment.
In some cases the wisdom teeth are extracted, because there simply isn’t enough room in the mouth.
If the wisdom tooth is damaged it might be fixed with Inlays or a crown. A crown will replace the entire outer part of the tooth. Modern crowns are made of ziroconia, which is realistic and long lasting. An inlay is like a crown, but it only replaced the damaged part of the tooth.

Protecting Molars and Wisdom Teeth Rydalmere

Molar teeth are prone to damage on the upper chewing surface. This chewing surface is rough, and can harbour bacteria and food debris which is hard to remove even with a toothbrush.
The chewing surface of molars can be protected with a dental sealant. This fills in the tiny areas in the chewing surface so food and bacteria cannot get trapped there.
If the chewing surface is badly damaged is may be replaced with an inlay or onlay. The removes part of the tooth and replaces the resulting gap with a piece of custom shaped material, a little like a crown. It is superior to a filling, long lasting and harder to detect.

Invisalign Telopea

Permanent Adult teeth may shift out of alignment after we have our braces removed. Or they may never have been well aligned to start with. These issues can be fixed with Invisalign.
Most adults don’t like the idea of wearing braces. But they will often be willing to use Invisalign. This is a series of small, clear mouthguards that can correct most moderate tooth alignment problems. Invisalign is unnoticable and can be removed for eating and drinking.

Dentist Newington

Are you teeth less than ideal? Dentists can restore damaged teeth and fix many problems either aquired or congenital.

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What Are The Options for Braces?

Dental Oatlands

Orthodontic Braces have been a pert of dental care for many decades. They are very effective for correcting teeth and jaw alignment problems.

Braces consist of metal brackets affixed to individual teeth, connected by a horizontal wire. These exert constant pressure on the teeth, which steadily move the teeth into an ideal alignment.  Once the teeth are ideally aligned they are kept in place with a retainer. In some cases the retainer must be worn every night for the rest of the patient’s life. More often it need only be worn for a few years after the braces come off.

Braces are fitted for both aesthetic and functional benefits. Certainly the straight teeth look better. But they are also easier to clean, and are far less likely to suffer uneven wear, and the properly aligned jaws are less likely to develop issues.

 

Ceramic Braces  – Dental Oatlands

 

Ceramic braces are colour matched to the individual’s teeth, so they are less noticeable than metal braces. They are not as robust as some braces systems, so they will not be appropriate for some types of orthodontic treatment. But for many moderate orthodontic problems they are a good option.

 

Lingual Braces


Lingual Braces are fitted over the back of teeth rather than the front. This makes them almost impossible to see, being hidden behind the teeth themselves.
These lingual braces are more difficult to fit and adjust by the dentist, but otherwise they are just as effective as other braces for most tooth alignment situations. They may not be ideal for jaw alignment issues.
Having braces behind the teeth can make speaking and eating difficult, but this is true to a lesser extent of all braces. The individual soon learns to adapt to the situation.

 

Invisalign Ermington

 

Invisalign is an alternative to braces used by some adults. This treatment consists of a series of clear plastic retainers that use pressure to align the teeth. They are effective for many minor or moderate tooth alignment situations, but they cannot provide some of the more extreme alignment correction of braces, so they are not suitable for all situations, and cannot correct jaw alignment issues.

Wisdom Teeth Rydalmere

 

Wisdom teeth are the back molars that emerge in our late teens or early twenties. As such, they often appear after the brace have been removed. Unfortunately, there is a danger than the new wisdom teeth will push the other teeth out of alignment, ruing the work of the braces. Often there is not enough space in the mouth for these additional teeth.

If you have wisdom teeth emerging you should have them checked by the dentist, before they cause any damage or ongoing pain.

 

Braces Oatlands

Braces will give us attractive, functional teeth. The results can last a lifetime.

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What Are The Problems With Thin Tooth Enamel?

Dentist Newington

If our tooth enamel, the hard outer surface of the tooth, grown thin we suffer problems. The thin enamel will not insulate the nerve inside the tooth, so the teeth will be sensitive to hot and cold temperatures. This will cause pain when we drink coffee or eat ice cream. Furthermore, thin enamel is more prone to decay than the enamel on healthy teeth.

Basically, thin enamel leaves us with sensitive teeth, and with teeth more prone to decay.

Causes of Thin Enamel – Dental Newington

Tooth enamel is the hardest substance of the human body, but it can be damaged by acidic conditions and by physical abrasion.

 Brushing too hard, or with a hard bristle brush, will steadily wear away enamel over time. It is better to use a soft bristle brush and lite/moderate pressure. Brush for two minutes twice per day.
 It is a mistake to brush too soon after eating. Many foods and drinks will temporarily soften enamel. If we brush too soon after eating we quickly wear away the softened enamel. Wait 30 minutes after eating before brushing. It help to drink water or chew sugar free gum after eating.
 Drinking anything acidic will thin the tooth enamel. Soft drink, fruit juice, lemon water, sports drinks and energy drinks are highly acidic, as are some foods. When we drink these beverages we damage our tooth enamel. Drinking with a straw and drinking water after wards will reduce the damage, but it is best to avoid these beverages altogether. It is better to eat fruit than just drink the juice.

Treating Thin Tooth Enamel

Thin tooth enamel cannot be reversed, the damage is permanent. In some cases the teeth can be capped, and this removed the problem, but this is an expensive procedure.

However, the pain from thin enamel can be greatly reduced with special sensitive toothpaste. This toothpaste fills in the microscopic holes in the teeth, providing better thermal insulation, so the nerves in the teeth do not react so strongly to the environment in the mouth, and feel much less pain.

Sensitive toothpaste takes a few weeks of use before it becomes effective. Use it twice per day and leave it to settle on the teeth  do not rinse it off. Over time, perhaps a month, it will greatly reduce the sensitivity of the teeth.

Denistone Dentist

Diligent dental care will reduce the risk of most dental problems. Brush daily, and see the dentist even 6 months.

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How Do Dentist Close Gaps in Teeth?

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Some adults and more than a few children have gaps between their teeth. This is hardly ideal, with many patient preferring to have these gaps closed.

The correct dental term for gaps between teeth is Diastema. A few people like this look, and celebrities like Madonna and Elton John have deliberately kept the gap between the front teeth. It occasionally suits some individuals, and does not cause any real problems. But more often people find it more aesthetically pleasing to have teeth that are evenly spaced.

Braces Denistone

Young children who still have their baby teeth often have larger gaps. Is anything this is a good sign, showing there is room for the slightly larger adult/permanent teeth. So it can be left untreated.
If children have gaps between their permanent teeth the dentist/orthodontist will often recommend braces. These are awkward at first, but they give the child neat, straight and potentially healthier teeth for their adult years. There is a consolation in having these widely spaced teeth, as there will most likely be more room when the wisdom teeth emerge latter on (usually between the ages of 17 and 25). Wisdom teeth shouldn’t be impacted if there is a little extra room in the jaws.

Adults with Gap Teeth – Dundas Dental

Adults who wish to close the gaps between their teeth have a few options, all which have proven successful in the past.

Braces – Adults can wear braces to have their teeth moved into place. But many adults feel that braces look youthful, and wish to avoid them. They take about two years to achieve their results.

Invisalign – These are an alternative to braces. They use clear plastic mouth guards to slowly move the teeth into place. These clear mouth guards are not as noticeable as braces, and far less awkward, Best of all they are removed for eating and drinking. They take a year or two to achieve their results, though they cannot treat all of the conditions that are solved with braces, being better suited to moderate or minor dental issues.

Crowns – A crown will replace the entire outer part of a tooth. These are a little expensive, but the results are very effective, very long lasting, and the gap is removed after just a few dental visits. This is a good option if there are only one or two teeth that need alteration, like the two front teeth.

Veneers – These replace the front of the tooth with a new surface. They look realistic and last for many years. By making the veneer slightly wider than the original tooth the gaps between teeth can be removed. They are less expensive than crowns, and are a good option if several teeth, perhaps the entire front upper row, need to be altered.
Veneers can be fitted with just two dental appointments, so the results are immediate.

Dental Newington

Gaps in teeth will usually not cause problems. But if you prefer the look of neatly spaced teeth the dentist can recommend the best option for your situation.

 

Dundas Dental Wisdom Teeth Rydalmere

Good Brushing Technique

Brushing Dundas Dental

Brushing is the most basic yet fundamental aspect of cleaning. It is simple, yet effective. If we neglect to brush them we greatly raise the risk of tooth decay.
It is important to have the right brushing technique.

– Use a toothbrush with soft bristles, and brush with minimal pressure. Hard bristles or strong pressure will steadily wear tooth enamel and lead to damaged teeth. Some electric brushes have a sensor to show the ideal pressure.
– Always wait 30 minutes after eating or drinking before brushing. The acidity of many foods and drinks will temporary weaken enamel. If we brush too soon we will wear this softened enamel away.
– It helps to drink/gargle water after eating, as this reduces the acidity in the mouth.
– Use a pea sized amount of toothpaste. Hold the toothbrush at a 45 degree angle to the teeth and brush in a gentle circles.
– The inside of the teeth, next to the tongue, is an area that is often neglected. We should brush here to be 100% clean.
– Brush for about two minutes twice per day.
– Convention and most electric toothbrushes will not reach the space between teeth. This area needs to be flossed, or cleaned with inter-dental brushes. Ultrasonic toothbrushes will clean this space between teeth with their high frequency vibrations.
– Spit out the paste after brushing, but do not rinse. Leaving the remnant on the teeth helps provide some extra protection.
– Some people use sugar free gum after brushing. Chewing gum with Xylitol helps to fight bad bacteria and reduce decay.
Mouthwash is also beneficial. Use this after brushing. Or use it at other times of the day.
– If you are prone to bleeding gums we should use mouthwash before we brush. This gets rid of bacteria and prevent them getting into the blood stream.

Wisdom Teeth Rydalmere

Our wisdom teeth emerge when we are in our late teens or early twenties. These are he back (third) molars in our mouth. Often there is not enough room in the mouth to accommodate the wisdom teeth. So these teeth end up partly covered by the gum, or they push other teeth out of alignment. This makes cleaning difficult.
We may need to get our wisdom teeth removed. Else, we may need them sealed to make cleaning easier. Even if they are healthy it is often hard to clean these teeth at the back of the mouth as they are hard to reach.
An electric toothbrush may make is easier to clean the back molars. Ultrasonic toothbrushes also help as they clean the general area of the mouth, not just the area that they physically touch.

Brushing Dundas Dental

Good dental habits practised every day will greatly reduce decay and gum disease. Visit the dentist for regular check-ups.

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Latter Day Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom Teeth Denistone

Wisdom teeth are the back molars, the very last teeth to emerge in the mouth. Most of our permanent teeth are in place when we reach our early teens. But wisdom teeth will not emerge until we are in at least our late teens or early twenties. In some individuals, the wisdom teeth either never develop, or never emerge from the jaw.
Unfortunately, wisdom teeth can cause problems. Often there is not enough room in the mouth for these extra teeth, and they either punch other teeth out of alignment or do not fully emerge from the jaw. In some cases, the wisdom teeth are partly overgrown by gum, and become prone to infection because they are so difficult to clean. Often the wisdom teeth are removed.

Wisdom Teeth Rydalmere

Wisdom teeth will be removed if they are causing problems. This is an awkward procedure, but it is often necessary, and the discomfort will not last forever. It should take 6 to 8 weeks for the jaw to completely recover.
The main issue with wisdom teeth is the lack of room in the mouth, the extra molars simply do not have enough room. we might question why the human body has such a disfunction.
Some research suggests that young human babies that chew hard food will develop slightly larger jaws. This allows slightly more room for the wisdom teeth later on. Our culture, which tends to encourage softer food at a young age, maybe inadvertently cause problems later on by not allowing the jaws to develop correctly.
Other research has suggested that injections in the jaw at a young age, usually for anesthetic, will prevent wisdom teeth from developing later on. This is still not fully understood and is open to further research.

Braces Oatlands

Braces will give us straighter teeth and jaws. If we have braces as teenagers we can benefit from the improved teeth for the rest of our lives. Unfortunately, this can be compromised by the wisdom teeth, which will come through long after the braces have been removed.
If we suspect we have wisdom tooth issues we should have the situation examined by a dentist. Immediate treatment will prevent the emerging wisdom teeth from causing too much damage.

Invisalign Denistone

Invisalign is a way to straighten minor to moderate tooth alignment problems without braces. This is sometimes used to fix issues caused by wisdom teeth.

Wisdom Teeth Denistone

Our wisdom teeth emerge when we are young adults. Often they cause problems and need to be attended to by the dentist.

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Straighter Teeth With or Without Braces

Braces Rydalmere

Crooked teeth can be an issue is several ways. Most people will feel they look don’t look their best, which may be true. But misaligned teeth may also be difficult to clean. The top and bottom teeth may mean unevenly, causing rapid wear. And occasionally speaking and eating may be compromised. It is usually best to fix misaligned teeth, though is some cases, if there is no health issue, people are happy to leave them as they are.
Braces are the most common method of correcting misaligned teeth and jaws. But occasionally less severe or less complex problems can be fixed with Invisalign, or perhaps by crowns or veneers on a few select teeth.

Invisalign Rydalmere

These are popular with adults who do not like the look of braces, associating them with teenagers. Invisalign is effective for minor and moderate alignment issues.
Invisalign consists of a series of clear plastic mouth-guards that gently and persistently push the teeth into alignment. These mouth-guards can be removed for eating and drinking.
Invisalign is only slightly noticeable, and causes minimal discomfort. It may initially make speaking difficult.

Veneers Dundas Dental

Some tooth issues can be neatly fixed with veneers. These are thin coverings that are permanently bonded to the front of the teeth. They look like natural tooth, and can effectively change the shape of the tooth, even to the point where they make the tooth wider to fill in gaps between teeth.
Veneers can be attached in a single appointment, so they achieve results quite quickly.
Unfortunately veneers are not appropriate for jaw alignment problems.

Alternate Braces Telopea Dentist

Despite their good results many people do not like the appearance of braces. But there are some less obvious alternatives.
Ceramic braces work in the same fashion as traditional metal braces, but they are colour matched to the individual’s teeth, so they are less conspicuous. They are not as strong as some braces systems, so they will not be appropriate for all situation.

Lingual Braces Dentist Newington

In some cases the braces can be fitted over the back of teeth rather than the front. This makes them virtually undetectable, being hidden by the teeth themselves.
Having braces behind the teeth can make speaking and eating difficult, but this is true to a lesser extent of all braces. The individual soon adapts.

Newington Dentist

Braces work to give us neat, functional teeth. With a little effort the braces in our teens give us straight teeth for a lifetime.

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Small Teeth

 

Dundas Dentist

Sometimes we have all the pieces, but they don’t fit together in the way they should. One example of this is small teeth. Our teeth may be perfectly healthy, but they are too small for our mouth. This often leaves us with gaps between the teeth, and probably a bad bite. Most likely we will find that small teeth just look out of proportion to the rest of the mouth.
Small teeth, or teeth that are misaligned of misshaped, can usually be fixed by the dentist.

Types of Small Teeth – Dentist Denistone

There are several way in which teeth might be too small, or appear too small.
True Generalized Small Teeth – This is causes by genetics, the teeth really are small.
Relative Generalized Small Teeth – A large individual has teeth that appear small in relation to the rest of the face.
Localized – A few Teeth, usually in the upper jaw, fail to fully develop and are smaller than the other teeth.
Overextended Gums – The teeth appear short because they are mostly covered by the gums.
Abrasion – Over the course of many decades the teeth may wear down from grinding.

Treating Smaller Teeth – Telopea Dental

Crowns – By crowning teeth we can make them larger. This can produce a neat set of correctly proportioned teeth for the mouth.
Veneers – These cover the front surface of the teeth. If the size of the teeth is not too far off the veneers can fill the gaps between teeth, and make them slightly longer.
Gum Reshaping – If the issue is with the gums rather than the actual teeth then the gums can sometimes be cut back to reveal more of the tooth surface. This is limited, however, because the gums can only be cut back so far before the tooth roots are exposed.

Oatlands Dental

Some Dental work is concerned with aesthetics. There is no reason not to have better teeth. Let us give you the smile you deserve.

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Receding Gums

Newington Dentist

Over time the gums around our teeth can recede. This not only looks bad, but leaves us prone to sensitive teeth that feel pain from hot or cold food. The sensitivity comes from the the roots of the teeth being exposed, so the nerve inside the tooth has no insulation from the outside. It is best to avoid this at all costs.
Our Gums can recede for a variety of reasons. Most of the time this can be avoided with some good dental habits.
–   Gum infections, including Gingivitis or Periodontitis, can lead to receding gums (as well as other problems like bone loss and bleeding).
–   Using a hard bristle toothbrush can lead to receding gums, as well as thin enamel on teeth. Use a soft bristle toothbrush instead.
–   Brushing too hard with any brush may lead to receding gums and thin tooth enamel.
–   If we brush too soon after eating we will damage the tooth enamel which has been soften by the food/drink we consume. This might lead to receding gums. Wait 30 minutes after eating before brushing.
–   An injury to the mouth can lead to receding gums.
–   Poorly fitting dentures can lead to receding gums, though people who need dentures already have problems wiht their teeth, so their risk is higher even without the dentures.
–   Smoking increases the risk of tooth and gum problems.
–   Old age and a genetic disposition. This can be reduced with good dental habits.
–   Poor dental habits, bot brushing and flossing every day, greatly raises the risk of gum problems.

Dundas Dentist

We can reduce the risk of receding gums by:
–   Good dental habits greatly reduce the risk of dental problems like receding gums. Brush twice daily, floss once daily and use mouthwash several times per day.
–   Oil pulling seems to reduce the risk of gum problems. Gargle coconut oil for a few minutes then spit into the sink.
–   A diet strong in antioxidants seems to reduce the risk of receding gums. Antioxidants are found in fresh fruit and vegetables.
–   Green Tea fight the bacteria that cause gum diseases. Drink green tea twice daily. Or use green tea chewing gum that is sugar free.
–   Omega 3 fatty acids in the diet seem to reduce gum problems, and keep us healthy in other ways. Omega 3 is found in fish, nuts, and seeds.

Invisalign Denistone

Invisalign can be used to correct many (but not all) moderate tooth alignment issues without braces. This is popular with adults who do not like to wear braces.
Invisalign will not interfere with gums.

Wisdom teeth Rydalmere

Wisdom teeth are notorious for causing problems, not emerging properly, pushing other teeth out of alignment. More than half the population will need one or more wisdom teeth removed.
By removing a problem wisdom tooth we can prevent gum infections, and hence prevent gums from  later on.

Dental Newington

Good dental hygiene habits go a long way to reducing gum and tooth issues. See the dentist is you suspect you might have a problem.

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What Are Dental Implants?

Implant Rydalmere Dentist

A dental implant replaces a natural tooth with an artificial tooth. This is necessary if the natural tooth is badly damaged, or badly misshapen. The dental implant gives a realistic looking, fully functional replacement tooth.
If a tooth has only suffered surface damage it might be crowned (also called capped). This replaces the outer part of the tooth, while keeping the internal nerve, pulp and underlying root. If a tooth in badly damaged, or damaged internally, it is best replaced with an implant.

Implant Dundas Dental

Implants are permanently fixed to the jawbone, where they bond to the bone at a molecular level. This makes them very secure and reliable. There are very rarely and complications with an implant if the individual is healthy.
An implant has two main sections, a metal post inside and a facsimile post on the outside. Titanium is used for the internal post because it bonds to the jawbone, and because it does not rust or cause allergic reactions. This titanium is superior to stainless steel, which contains the common allergen nickel.
The external part of the implant, the facsimile tooth, is made of Ziriconia or Lithium Disilicate. Both of these materials have slightly different advantages. Usually the back molars use the material that is stronger (Ziroconia) , while the front teeth will use the material that looks more realistic (Lithium Disilicate), though both of these materials are fairly strong and long lasting. Older implants used porcelain, which looked fine but was not as strong as either Ziriconia or Lithium Disilicate.
Some recent advancements in dental research have produced some superior materials that might soon replace Lithium Disilicate and Ziriconia in implants.

Implant Oatlands Dentist

A dental implant will require several dental appointments. First, the original damaged tooth may need to be removed, and the metal post put in place. A mold of the mouth or a computer scan will be used to produce a new artificial tooth of the right proportions. The new artificial tooth will be manufactured and put in place at a second appointment, once the mental post has started to bond to the jaw.
If several adjacent teeth need to be replaced it is often possible to replace them with a row of artificial teeth secured by only two metal posts.

Telopea Dental Implant

Implants last for decades with only the same care that we give normal teeth. While the implant will never decay we still need to brush and floss in order to prevent any gum infections.

It would be ideal for everybody to keep their natural teeth. But if we do need to replace a damaged or ill formed tooth then implants are the best option. They are permanent, reliable, realistic looking, and do not need nay special form of maintenance.

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