Newington Dental

Fluoride and Dental Health

Newington Dental

Fluoride was initially added to the drinking water in places like the USA because research had shown its benefits. Populations that already drank water with natural fluoride content were show to have less dental decay. So small amounts of fluoride were added to tap water, and there was a noticeable improvement in dental health.

There is some controversy over fluoride in tap water. It is known that high levels of fluoride will cause problems, raging from tooth discolouration to cognitive issues (poor memory than thinking), especially in developing children. But the levels that cause problems are far higher than the small levels found in tap water. And fluoride does occur naturally in foods, so we always have some of it on our body system. Indeed, like copper or sodium it seems we need a small amount of these trace elements to survive. But we suffer if we have excessive amounts.

Rydalmere Dental

Fluoride helps to harden the enamel of a tooth’s surface. It even helps when teeth show early signs of decay; fluoride can actually help repair enamel than has decalcified, the first sign of decay. A constant low level supply of fluoride, as in drinking water, is the best way to apply fluoride to our teeth.

Government put fluoride in drinking water on the basis that ‘prevention is better than cure’. It is better, and cheaper, to prevent tooth decay problems in the population than it is to undergo expensive dental work latter on.

Dundas Dental

Strangely, the trend to drinking more water, which started in the 1990’s, had actually made dental problems worse, at least in some ways. While drinking water is certainly healthy, and while is certainly helps cleans teeth, the trend has been towards bottled water, which is usually fluoride free.

We might do well to add fluoride to our dental routine, perhaps by using mouthwash several times per day, it we insist on drinking bottled water.

Dentist Telopea

We need a small amount of fluoride to help fight dental decay. Discuss the best options with your dentist.

Newington Dental

More Than Appearances

Newington Dental

In many dental situations the functionality and appearance fit together. Neatly aligned teeth will look good, and they tend to work well. Occasionally the appearance of the teeth might not affect the function, but there is no reason no too look good if the function is already good.

Implants Dundas Dental

An implant will replace a lost or badly damaged tooth. While certainly a health natural tooth is the best option, which is why we all should try to keep our natural teeth, an implant is the next best thing. In facts, it is so similar to the natural tooth the patient soon forgets that the implant is artificial.

Modern implants are made from lithium desilicate or zirconia. These are both extremely strong, and lithium disilicate (almost always used for front teeth) looks realistic and natural.

Braces Dental Denistone

These are common on many teenagers, and even a few adults. Braces will align individuals teeth and jaws for improved function, and improved appearance. the idea is to produce a neat set of teeth that fit properly together, making speaking and eating easier.

Whitening Dentist Telopea

Teeth whitening is one of the few examples of a purely cosmetic procedure. It lightens and whitens the teeth to make them look better, and perhaps match the patient’s skin tone.

One health advantage of white teeth is easier cleaning- it is easy to see if white teeth and clean or not.

Invisalign Dundas

Adults who never had braces but who require some alignment can use Invisalign. This is a series of clear plastic aligners that correct most minor orthodontic problems. They are not conspicuous, and can be removed for eating.

Newington Dental

Mouthwash

Newington Dental

At one point there was concern that mouthwash might increase the risk of oral cancer. But this proved unfounded. It was only the mouthwash containing alcohol that was under suspicion.

A mouthwash containing alcohol apparently does raise the risk of oral cancer, but it depends on the exposure. Research indicates that alcohol mouthwashes would need to contain 25-40% alcohol, and be used three times per day for a full minute to really increase the risk of cancer. This is a fairly high amount of alcohol exposure.

More commonly, when people do use mouthwash it is gargled for half a minute, twice per day. This level of alcohol exposure is a little high, but probably not too bad.

There is a possibility that some individuals already had oral cancer, and were using mouthwash to remove the oral cancer sores. So the alcohol mouthwash was correlated with the cancer, even as it was not the cause.

Ironically, alcohol mouthwash can cause the mouth to dry out, leading to more bacteria and bad breath. This means it causes the very problems that it is supposed to remove. It is best to avoid alcohol mouthwashes.

Alcohol free mouthwashes are readily available. These can be used two or three times daily, and your teeth, not to mention you breath, will be benefit.

Dentist Newington – Types of Mouthwash

Antiseptic / general mouthwashes – The most common type. It does a decent job of killing off germs and bacteria, especially if you have already brushed you teeth, and it gives you fresh breath.

Fluoride mouthwashes – These are designed for sensitive or slightly damaged teeth. If the outer tooth enamel is damaged the fluoride in these mouthwashes will help re-calcify the enamel, and reverse the damage. It takes a few week to feel the benefits, but these mouthwashes can stop decay from getting worse, and reverse the process if we start using them early on.

Cosmetic Mouthwash – These just freshen the breath. they do no harm, but it would be better to use an antiseptic mouthwash that helps fight decay and bacteria.

Natural Mouthwashes – Mouthwashes with all natural, non-chemical ingredients. They shouldn’t cause any harm, but their effectiveness varies.

Prescription Mouthwashes – An extremely strong mouthwash that fights infections and gum disease. This will only be used for a short period, until the infection is removed.

Braces Rydalmere

Braces make regular brushing and flossing is difficult, but mouthwash still work well here . Mouthwash adds that extra bit of protection. We also recommend a Waterpik for cleaning between the teeth as flossing with braces is difficult.

Newington Dental

Invisalign

Newington Dental

Some of us were blessed with naturally straight teeth. But most of us needed either braces as teenagers, or some corrective dental work latter on. A few of us needed both.

Some of us still have less-than-straight-teeth as adults. These teeth alignment problems can be fixed with braces; it is possible to have braces at almost any age. But many adults dislike the look of braces, thinking they look too ‘teenage’, or just finding them inconvenient.

An alternative to braces is Invisalign. These will rectify most teeth alignment problems, without the inconvenient or appearance of braces.

Dundas Dental

Invisalign is a series of clear plastic aligners that are worn over the teeth, rather like a small mouthguard. Over time each aligner brings the teeth closer to the correct shape. it may take anything from 6 month to 2 years to achieve the final result.

Invisalign, unlike braces, can be easily removed for eating and drinking. So they cause minimal inconvenience. Talking with Invisalign might be slightly unusual at first, but this is very mild compared to braces. Invisalign are the easy way to get straight teeth with minimal hassle.

Dental Denistone

Invisalign will require dental visits every few weeks; the clear retainers will constantly need to be replaced. Otherwise, people will hardly notice that you are receiving treatment.

Dentist Newington

Harmful Foods for Teeth

Dentist Newington

Our modern diet is a mixture of processed and sugar heavy food that are pretty bad for teeth. Even some of the food that has been retained from nature is harmful. This all makes matters difficult for our dental healthy.

High carbohydrate foods are bad at many levels. The diet science of the last generation has blamed carbohydrates for modern obesity; and this appear to be valid. These same carbohydrates feed the bad bacteria in our mouth. Simple carbs like white bread are by far the worst. It is better to use more complex carbs like wholegrain pastas, oats, brown rice, and eat more vegetables and fibre.

Sugar has been a known cause of tooth decay for decades. We tend to eat fat too much of this in our modern diets. And even if we clean our teeth after eating the sugar is still in our body and making our mouths acidic. Brushing removes most, but not all, of the problem. Keep sugar to a minimum.

Fruit and Acidity

Fruit juice and even natural fruit can be harmful to our teeth. The juice tend to be far worse as all the fibre is left out and all the sugar is left in. So we get a massive hit of sugar, an perhaps a little vitamin C.

Whole fruits like oranges are’t too bad, having only mild acidity. But lemons are very acidic, and really harm tooth enamel. Grapes and some berries are more acidic than we realize. And they are worse when processed into wine and jams. It helps to drink water afterwards

Sports Drinks and Soft Drinks

These remain one of the worst things for our teeth. Both are full of sugar and acidic. Even the diet versions, without the sugar, are acidic.

Dental Newington

Acidic food and drinks can start to harm teeth in less than 30 seconds. And this damage can be exacerbated if we brush our teeth while the enamel has been softened by the acid.

Drink water after any acidic food or drink, and wait 30 minutes before brushing. Chewing sugar free gum can also help.

Dentist Newington

Night Breathing

Night Breathing

Dentist Newington

We all need sleep in order to survive. If our sleep is compromised then every aspect of our life is compromised. We will lack energy, suffer poor memory and impaired thinking, and be prone to many illnesses because of a compromised immune system.

Some if us get enough hours in bed, but suffer poor sleep because we breathe poorly. Either we snore or our breathing stops and starts. This causes us to partially wake up during the night. Under these circumstances we get little actual sleep, so we suffer tiredness for the nest few days. If suffered long term these conditions can be fatal.

Newington Dentist

Moderate night breathing conditions can be treated by the dentist. We may snore because we cannot breath though our nose while lying down. And we may not be able to breath through our mouth because the airways are blocked, not that breathing though our mouth is ever the right thing to do.

Dentist can make a mouth-guard that holds the jaw in the correct position for breathing at night. This may mean holding the jaw closed so that we breathe through the nose, or holding the lower jaw forward so that the airways are clear.

Some breathing problems are caused, or at least exacerbated, by being overweight. Losing weight can fix this issue, though losing weight is very difficult for some people.

Dental Newington

Sleep apnea is a night breathing problem where the individuals stops breathing for extended periods of time, perhaps a minute or two. This causes a multitude of health problems, including heart problems and an increase risk of stroke. It can be fatal in itself.

Sleep Apnea is treated with an electrical breathing mask that forces warm moist air into the airways.

Newington Dental

Breathing through the mouth, especially at night, leaves us with dry teeth and gums. This greatly raises the problems with decay and infections as the bacteria thrive in these dry conditions. Measures that help us breathe through the nose will greatly reduce the risk of gum and tooth problems.

Night breathing

A mouth-guard may may nose breathing easier
A nasal strip will keep the nostrils open. Available at chemists or on eBay.
In extreme cases a CPAP breathing mask is used.

Dentist Newington

Is you suspect night breathing problem, which may led to tooth decay and gum infections, the see the dentist. A custom mouth-guard is the first remedy to try.

Toothache

There are many causes of toothache. It is always a symptom of a problem/ toothache require professional treatment, or at least professional advice. While proper cleaning and good health goes a long way to preventing the problems that cause toothache even the most diligent brusher may suffer the occasional problems.

Dentist Oatlands

Toothaches come in many forms, though none of them are pleasant. Some aches are mild, some are so severe that they prevent the individual from being able to adequately function. The pain of a toothache may be intermittent, or continuous. It may throb, or it may only occur with hot or cold temperatures (sensitive tooth). Else the paint may only occur under physical pressure.

Sometimes it is difficult to tell exactly where the pain is coming from. It might be the tooth or gum, or even deeper inside the jaw.

Telopea Dental

Any toothache pain is most likely felt in the soft pulp of a tooth’s insides, though gums and jaws might also cause similar pain.

Tooth Decay – if decay breaks down the outer tooth’s enamel, forming a cavity, then the tooth’s inner nerve will be exposed and cause pain. This will require at least a filling. If the pulp in the tooth is inflected than a root canal treatment will also be necessary.

Cracked tooth- A tooth can become cracked because of an accidental impact, or from very cold temperatures. This will cause a pain when chewing or biting.
A cracked tooth is very prone to decay because it is difficult to clean.

Thin enamel – If the enamel of a tooth has grown thin, either from over-brushing or exposure to acidic liquids, then it will be sensitive to hot and cold temperatures.

Some toothpastes will greatly reduce the sensitivity of teeth. But these take a week or more to be fully effective. Always consult the dentist about sensitive teeth.

An abscess – This is a serious infection either in the gum or tooth. It requires serious dental treatment lest is lead to bone and tooth lose.

Denistone Dentist

Wisdom teeth are notorious for not emerging properly. A wisdom tooth that is partly or fully buried in the gum will often be painful. These teeth are often removed.

Sinus problems can cause an ache that feels like a toothache in the upper jaw. While this pain is real it is one of the few dental pains that is not too serious. If the sinus problem (perhaps just the flu) clear up the pain in the upper teeth will disappear. Talk to a doctor if this continues for more than a day or two.

Damaged filling- a former filling can be painful if the tooth suffers more decay. The dentist will need to fix the filling, and the patient will need to take more thorough cleaning measures.

Teeth grinding can cause problems by steadily wearing away teeth. This can make the teeth very sensitive.

Jaw alignment problems can cause problem pain, especially if the misalignment causes the individual trouble when chewing or speaking. This may require long term orthodontic treatment.

Cosmetic Dentistry

The idea of cosmetic Dentistry is slightly misleading. As the name suggests it is about appearances. But appearances and functionality tend to be closely tied together. In most cases improving the function of the teeth and jaws leads to a better physical appearances. And where the dentist does a purely cosmetic procedure it is because the optimal functionality and health of the teeth has already been achieved.

Teeth whitening Denistone Dentist

Teeth whitening is one of the few examples of a purely cosmetic procedure. It lightens and whitens the teeth to make them look better, and perhaps match the patient’s skin tone.

The one health advantage of white teeth is with cleaning; it is easy to see if white teeth and clean or not.

Implant Oatlands

Implants replace a lost or badly damaged tooth. While almost everybody agrees that a natural healthy tooth is the best option an implant is so close to the natural tooth the patient soon forgets that the implant is artificial.

Modern implants are made from lithium desilicate or zirconia. These are both extremely strong, and lithium disilicate (almost always used for front teeth) looks realistic and natural.

Cosmetically an implant look better than a missing tooth.

Braces Rydalmere

Braces are the best example of combining functionality with improved appearances. Braces are about neatly aligning teeth and jaws. The aim is to produce a set of teeth that neatly fit together. This makes chewing and speaking much easier. It almost always means a noticeable improvement in the appearance of the teeth.

Modern options, like ceramic braces, are less conspicuous that old models. 

Braces during our teenage years mean straight teeth during our adult years, though diligent cleaning is important.

Invisalign Telopea Dentist

Adults who suffer tooth alignment problems may have them corrected with invisalign. These are a series of clear retainers that can alter the position of the teeth. They cannot correct all the dental problems that braces can, but they work very effectively for most minor to moderate alignment issues.

Invisalign, being clear, is not very noticeable.

Mouthwash- Types and Concerns.

Denistone Dentist – Mouthwash Concerns

There was a lot of concern a few years ago over mouthwash causing oral cancer. This was very misleading. It was only the mouthwash containing alcohol that was under suspicion.

Mouthwash containing alcohol may raise the risk of oral cancer. The concern is over the heavy exposure. The mouthwashes would contain 25-40% alcohol, and individuals would gargle this for a full minute three times per day. This is a high amount of alcohol exposure.

Realistically, when people do use mouthwash it is gargled twice per day for half a minute. This level of alcohol exposure is a little high, but probably not too bad.

However, alcohol will tend to dry out the mouth, and this is bad for teeth and breath. Ironically the mouthwash can cause the very problems that it is supposed to remove. It is best to avoid alcohol mouthwashes.

Really, it is now easy to buy alcohol free mouthwashes, including most good quality, brand names. These can be used two or three times daily, and you teeth, not to mention you breathe, will be noticeably improved.

Dentist Oatlands – Types of Mouthwash

There are a few different types of mouthwash, designed to treat different dental concerns.

Antiseptic / general mouthwashes

This is the most common type. It does a decent job of killing off germs and bacteria, especially if you have already brushed you teeth, and it gives you fresh breath.

Fluoride mouthwashes

These are very good for sensitive or slightly damaged teeth. If the outer tooth enamel is damaged be de-calcification then the fluoride in these mouthwashes will reverse the process. It takes a few week to feel the benefits, but these mouthwashes can stop decay from getting worse, and reverse the process if we start using them early on.

Cosmetic Mouthwash

Basically just to freshen breath. It would be better to use an antiseptic mouthwash if we are already quite healthy, or a specialized mouthwash if we have a specific problems.

Natural Mouthwashes

Mouthwashes with all natural, non-chemical ingredients. Their effectiveness varies.

Prescription Mouthwashes

Patients with gum disease may be given a prescription for an extremely strong mouthwash that fights infections. This will only be used for a short period, until the infection is removed.

Braces Telopea

Mouthwash is of particular use to those of us still wearing braces as regular brushing and flossing is difficult with braces. Mouthwash, adds that extra bit of protection.

We recommend interdental brushes or Waterpik when teeth with braces. 

Dental Implants

Implants Dental Dundas

Dental implants are a more modern method of replacing a missing or badly damaged tooth. And recent advances in material have made implants even better.

Older methods or replacing a tooth included a dental bridge. This supported an artificial tooth between two healthy teeth. Unfortunately, this meant heavily modifying the healthy teeth, which seemed a great pity.

Implants consist of an artificial tooth attached to a titanium post that is embedded in the jaw. This is an excellent replacement for a natural tooth.

Osseointegrated Titanium Denistone Dental

Titanium is used for the post because this metal has a unique property – it bonds to the jawbone of the patient. This bonding is termed osseointegration. It produces a very strong connection at a biological level.

Osseointegrated implanted teeth last for many years.

New Implant Materials Dental Telopea

Older implants were made of porcelain. These provided fairly realistic looking teeth. But technology has improved on this.

Newer implants are made from either lithium disilicate or zirconia. These have proved stronger than older porcelain implants, and have other advantages.

Lithium Disilicate looks very like a natural tooth, and is stronger than porcelain. It is used for teeth at the front of the mouth.

Zirconia is even stronger than lithium disilicate, though it is less realistic looking than other materials. It is used for the back molars where the extra strength is an advantage.

Oatlands Dental

A dental implant will require a few dental visits. But the results are impressive.

Dental implants will only require the same diligent cleaning required of regular teeth. Though a dental implant is immune to decay the surrounding gum is still prone to infection, so the implant must cleaned on a twice daily basis.